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TIME TRAILS: Peoples of the Antelope Valley & Southern California

California is a land that is always changing. Earthquakes make mountains rise and lakes drain away. Some years rains fall other winter. Other years it doesn’t rain at all. Rising and falling seas have created islands and swallowed them up. Strange beasts prowled the grasslands and deserts, and then they died away.

You’ll be amazed at the changes that have taken place.

And for more than fifteen thousand years people have adapted to these changes and have enjoyed southern California’s gifts of land, water, and sun.

Native peoples have traditions about their connection with the land, a relationship that is enduring and eternal. Scientists are always discovering new information about how people have moved through southern California. These maps show what we know today. There are, however, many ways to read the clues that are left in the earth, and ideas about what the clues mean can differ.


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  • Peggy Ronning, Curator, Antelope Valley Indian Museum
  • Edra L. Moore, Curator, retired, Antelope Valley Indian Museum
  • Time Trails design & implementation: Ann Zumwinkle, John Marchena, Douglas Bland, Wallis Bland, Zumwinkle.com [zumwinkle.com]
  • Time Trails development & text: Kathy Talley-Jones [www.talleyjones.com]
  • Original AVIM site design: Marlin Mowatt [www.digital-dragonfly.com/]
  • Marty Meeden, Antelope Valley Independent School District

Additional TIME TRAILS Resources for Students and Teachers

  • American Indian Peoples of the Antelope Valley
    Explore more than 12,000 years of human history in the Antelope Valley. This extensive resource tells the story of the Native peoples who have lived and traveled through the Antelope Valley over many millennia. Find out more. This section includes details on the lifeways of late prehistoric residents and the Serrano, Kitanemuk, Tataviam, Kawaiisu, and Chemehuevi peoples.
  • Learn More about: Arrowheads
  • Learn More about Trade Routes
  • Learn More about Food in Season
  • Visit the Museum Collections Online
  • Books and Online Resources